Skip directly to content

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

Text Increase:
Text Increase Normal
Text Increase Large
Text Increase Largest

Used as a diagnostic screening procedure, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) allows your physician to diagnose and treat specific problems associated with the upper gastrointestinal tract, or UGI. Through the use of a long and flexible tube, called an endoscope, your physician is able to examine inside specific organs, such as the esophagus, stomach and the first section of the small intestine (duodenum). The Esophagogastroduodenoscopy screening is highly effective in diagnosing functioning problems and abnormalities of the UGI.

To learn more about Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) screening, please contact Central Florida Hepatology & Gastroenterology at 407.303.1812 or request an appointment on our website.

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy uses an endoscope, a lighted tube that is guided through the patient’s mouth and throat. The flexible tube travels down the esophagus and explores the stomach and duodenum. The physician is able to see the organs clearly from the small camera that is attached to the tube.

Not only is the physician able to examine the UGI tract with the endoscope, but instruments can be inserted through the tube so that tissue may be explored further. The physician is able to conduct a biopsy sample, remove obstructions from foreign objects, and stop bleeding. Tissue samples can be collected and examined for further study. The video camera attached to the endoscope is helpful in providing images and transmitting them on a television-like monitor.

There are many reasons that EGD should be performed. Your physician may recommend Esophagogastroduodenoscopy if he or she suspects structural or functional problems in the esophagus, stomach or upper portion of the small intestine. Some of the abnormalities that may require EGD include:

  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Inflammation and ulcers
  • Intractable vomiting (continuous vomiting with no known cause)
  • Obstructions
  • Tumors
  • Upper GI pain, abdominal pain, chest pain that is not associated with the cardiac region
  • Weight loss (loss of appetite with no known cause)

The most common reasons EGD is performed is to control bleeding, remove polyps or tumors, and to dilate a narrow passageway that is causing problems in the upper GI tract. The procedure is highly effective in diagnosing the problem and providing treatment, which may be done at the same time of the screening process. Tissue biopsies collected from the upper GI are helpful for your physician to decide on further treatment that may be required.

To learn more about Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) screening, please contact Central Florida Hepatology & Gastroenterology at 407.303.1812 or request an appointment on our website.