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Anorectal Diseases

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Anorectal diseases include fissures, fistulae and incontinence. The conditions are often extremely painful and require treatment for relief. Anorectal diseases relate to those diseases or conditions that are localized in the anal or rectal portions of the large intestine. To learn more about Anorectal Diseases, please contact Central Florida Hepatology & Gastroenterology at 407.303.1812 or request an appointment on our website.

Symptoms of Anorectal Diseases

Symptoms of anorectal diseases vary depending on the type of condition. Some of the most common kinds of anorectal diseases include the following:

Anal Fissures

Patients often experience severe pain and bleeding after passing stool. The bowel motion may cause cramping and extreme pain as the stool is passing. Constipation may ensue and there may be a visible crack or tear in the lining of the anus that contributes to pain, itching and bleeding.

Anal Fistulae

An anal fistula is an abnormal and small tunnel that develops. It connects the anal glands and abscesses around the original site. Pain, bleeding, skin irritation around the anus and pus drainage are usually present. Fever and inflammation or swelling may also occur.

Incontinence

The inability to control one’s bowels or bladder leads to incontinence. Fecal incontinence results in an involuntary excretion of the bowel contents. There is a lack of self-control resulting in the release of stool, primarily in the form of diarrhea or soft stool.

Causes of Anorectal Diseases

There are a number of causes of anorectal diseases depending on which disease the patient has. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Chronic constipation
  • Chronic or prolonged diarrhea
  • Anal sex or anal stretching
  • Straining when having a bowel movement

Depending on underlying medical conditions, anorectal disease may be caused by a variety of factors.

Treatments for Anorectal Diseases

The goal of treatment for all anorectal diseases is to reduce pressure on the anal canal while making stools soft in order to relieve discomfort and pain during a bowel movement. As in anal fissures, the prevention of constipation is a must. 

Conservative treatment may include stool softeners, hydrocortisone containing suppositories, foams and creams. Medicated ointments may help reduce the tears and bleeding along the outside of the rectum.

In the most severe cases of anorectal disease, surgery may be the only option to repair the tear or correct other problems that are contributing to the symptoms. When conservative treatments fail, or internal scarring has developed, surgery may be the only choice for correcting the problem.                    

To learn more about Anorectal Diseases, please contact Central Florida Hepatology & Gastroenterology at 407.303.1812 or request an appointment on our website.